Recycling aluminium in the global automotive industry


Credits:infissaper.it

Lightness, electrical, thermal and sound conductivity. These are the properties that make aluminium a precious raw material: it is excellent for processing and lends itself well to all mechanical processing, from lamination to shot blasting. The industrial sector that uses this material the most is the automotive industry. Aluminium is used for forging bodywork, engine components, pumps, wheels, box containers, bumpers, finishes and many other vehicle components.

Recycled aluminium retains all its original properties: non-toxicity, the absence of magnetism, workability (it can be moulded more easily than other metals) and versatility (it can be used in various rigid or elastic alloys). Aluminium can be 100% recycled and re-used endlessly to make new products. Recycling aluminium saves 95% of the energy used in the extraction and processing of bauxite. It takes 15 kWh to produce 1 kilo of primary aluminium, but only 0.75 kWh to produce recycled aluminium. In the automotive sector, 90% of the aluminium used to produce wheel rims is recycled and 30% of the aluminium used to make pistons and cylinders is recycled; on average, 40% of the aluminium used from the beginning to the end of the car production process is recycled.

Aluminium waste is sent to the separation and initial treatment plant. Here it is separated from any magnetic metals (iron) or different materials (glass, plastic etc.). After initial inspection of its quality, it is pre-treated in a foundry at about 500°C to remove any paint and other adherent foreign substances. It is then fused in a furnace at a temperature of 800°C. The aluminium, now in its liquid state, is then transformed into ingots and re-enters the production cycle.

The price of energy today is a factor that makes recycling crucial in the automotive industry. The United States and Japan excel in recycling aluminium, followed by Italy and Germany. It is no coincidence that these countries are the world’s key players in the automotive industry. China is also increasing its percentage of recovery and use of recycled aluminium of the total amount processed.

Many industrial companies have begun to adapt their production processes to optimise recovery. One such example is Turbotecnica Engineering, an Italian company, which, for more than thirty years, has been designing and manufacturing all types of shot blast machine, professional sandblasters and sandblasting chambers, either standard or customised to meet the needs of end users – including automotive industries and professional workshops – for the Italian and the international market. All the systems produced by Turbotecnica are equipped with innovative systems to eliminate waste and all impurities arising from the mixture of abrasive materials and extracted air. Residues from processing are automatically collected for disposal or recycling.

Thanks to ongoing research into the development of recycling and pre- and post-consumer recovery technologies (which can be used to drastically reduce CO2 emissions), the automotive recycled aluminium sector has become important on the world scene from an economic, employment and strategic point of view.… Read More

Tutorial How To Reset Windows 10 So As New

PCs and Laptops are getting slower and slower. Variety damage such as operating system problem may also be more and more. But if yours PC or laptop is exposed to software problems, you can fix it easily.

Various system and software problems can be fixed by resetting Windows. Yes, by doing a Windows reset, will make the Windows operating system to be like new again.

Windows 10 is the latest operating system that was released a few years ago. Of course Windows 10 comes with many additions and feature enhancements. But that does not mean Windows 10 is free from problems here.

There are times when Windows 10 is experiencing system issues, bugs, and others. Actually you do not need to re-install completely. You can try resetting Windows to reset Windows to a completely new state.

You do not need to download ISO or do a variety of things that seem complicated. The Windows reset process is very easy. You just press a few steps to start the Windows reset process and wait for the reset process to complete.

For those of you who want to know how to reset Windows 10 without loosed any projects, you can follow this easy tutorial.

  1. Make sure your computer or PC is not dead because of power outages or something. For laptop users, it is also advisable to install the battery while charging the battery.
  2. Go to Settings – Update & Security – Recovery in Windows 10.

  1. You will find the Reset this PC and Get Started button to start the Windows 10 reset process.
  2. Click Get Started to immediately start the process of resetting Windows 10 on your PC or laptop.
  3. You can choose to keep your personal files up or delete any data on your PC or laptop.

  1. Select Remove Everything to make Windows really come back like new. The risk is that all data will be lost.
  2. Click Reset to immediately start the Windows 10 reset process.

  1. Wait a while until the Windows reset setup is complete.

  1. The PC or laptop will restart and reset Windows will start. Make sure your PC or laptop is not dead when resetting Windows 10.

  1. You will also see the Install Windows 10 process when the reset process is almost done. Wait for it all to finish.

  1. If you are able to log into the desktop, then the Windows 10 reset process is complete.

It is advisable to backup Windows data so that if this Windows reset process fails in the middle of the road for a reason, you will not lose data because all data is backed up and securely stored.

Although the user can choose to keep your private files stored and not deleted, but it could be the Windows 10 problem is from the user file.

So for the process of resetting Windows 10 is running smoothly and the maximum results, just delete all the data also by selecting Remove Everything for PC or laptop really like new again.… Read More

AC Problems and Vehicle Transmission

AC or air conditioner has become an integral part of a vehicle just as Transmission on the car serves to adjust the required moment with the state of the road or motor rotation. Besides that, the transmission also serves to change the direction of rotation of the propeller shaft so that the car can run back then if any problem can be brought to RV repair Tacoma. While the AC or a device that makes the temperature inside the cabin becomes cooler becomes very crucial when we have to drive a car in the middle of the sun. Getting out of the car in wet conditions due to sweat would be unsightly. That’s why, since every car can certainly be installed this cooling device. Unfortunately, for some people, attention to car air conditioning is still far less than the engine or other support tools. Generally, the owners of the new car checked AC when experiencing problems. Not doing routine service like a machine that has a special schedule to change engine oil, ignition service, injector or carburetor service, and so forth.

Before visiting the service workshops of AC located near the residence or recommended in AC repair Tacoma, it’s good to understand first the parts of the car air conditioner. The car’s air conditioner consists of several separate components but becomes a whole in producing a cool temperature inside the cabin, including:

Compressor
Evaporator
Expansion valve
Condenser
Receiver Dryer

The five components that support the performance of car air conditioners. One of the components has problems or is damaged then the car air conditioning work will not be maximal. Sometimes even to know the damage one of the components must do the overall examination.

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What is a Startup and How it Develops?

What is a Startup? Maybe there are still many people who do not understand this term. Word Startup itself is an uptake of English which means the act or process of starting a new organization or business venture and how to start a digital startup.

According to Wikipedia, Startup refers to a recently operating company. These companies are mostly newly established companies and are in a phase of development and research to find the right markets.

The above definition may be more in its terminology, but according to the author would be easier if the term startup is defined as a new company being developed. Beginning in the late 90s until the year 2000, in fact, the term startup many “mated” with everything that smells of technology, web, internet and related to the realm. Why did it happen?

Back to look back it happened because the term Startup itself became popular internationally during the bubble dot-com, then what else bubble dot-com it? the bubble dot-com phenomenon was when in that period (1998-2000) many dot-com companies were established simultaneously.

At that time the company was aggressively opening a personal website. More and more people are getting to know the internet as a new field to start their business. And that time too, Startup was born and developed. But according to Ronald Widha from TemanMacet.com, Startup is not just a new company that comes into contact with technology, cyberspace, applications or products but it can also be about grassroots economic services and movements that can be self-sufficient without the help of bigger and more established corporations.

After spinning around for information about Startup through Google’s help, there is information about the characteristics of a company that can be classified as a startup. Some of the Startup company’s characteristics include:

The company’s age is less than 3 years
The number of employees is less than 20 people
Revenue is less than $ 100,000 / year
Still in progress
Generally operating in technology
Products made in the form of applications in digital form
Usually, operate through the website

From these characteristics, it may appear that the startup is more inclined to companies engaged in technology and the web. But the fact is that way, now the company’s usual development labeled Startup name is a company that deals with the world Tekno and online. Startups are grouped into three groups: Startup game creator, Startup educational app and Startup trading such as e-commerce and information. According to him Startup games and educational applications have a potential and open market in Indonesia. This is because the process of making games and educational applications is relatively easy.

With the development of social media and smartphones, the market for mobile games and social games is growing. Meanwhile, for applications or websites engaged in the field of e-commerce and information. But for the smell of information or news of various themes, its development is even much faster again.… Read More

Your Home Insurance Coverage Protects You When Drivers Crash Into Your Garage

Lots of accidents happen at home, and that’s one of the reasons why insurance policies are simply sensible. Even car accidents can happen inside in your own garage. You can bang yourself with the door, or a jack can fail while you’re underneath. You may even drive in the morning when the coffee hasn’t kicked in yet, and you may suddenly go forward and crash into the garage wall instead of backing out of the garage slowly. The home insurance coverage will pay for the damage to the garage, while the car insurance may then cover the damage to your car.

But what if there’s somehow another driver crashing their car into your garage or your home? Usually, this means that this driver’s insurance policy will come into play. But you need to keep in mind that their insurance policy also has a limit on the coverage. If that limit is just $30,000 but the damage to your home is worth $40,000 then you need to check your homeowner insurance policy to see how much your insurance will cover in addition to the other driver’s insurance policy.

This may seem like some sort of strange and extremely unlikely scenario, but it’s probably a lot more common than you may suspect. Just in September of 2017, the news was full of reports of such accidents:

  • In Hampton, Virginia, a car crashed into a home located on Big Bethel Road. While the living area of the house wasn’t touched, the damage to the garage was so severe that the structure was deemed unsafe after the accident.
  • In Overland Park, Kansas, a 20-year-old woman drove her SUV into a home, which left a huge hole in their garage. The garage was attached to the main part of the house, and the damage forced out the family residents into a hotel until the huge hole can be fixed.
  • In San Francisco, a car crashed into a home’s garage, and it caused the power to shut down in that part of the neighborhood. The damaged building’s structural stability had to be shored up, though some of the residents in the area had to be displaced due to the shutdown of utility services.
  • In Cleveland, Tennessee, a man was driving on a road when he suddenly swerved to avoid colliding with another vehicle coming straight at him. While he did succeed in avoiding a collision with the other car, he instead hit the corner of a house after plowing through the front yard. The driver suffered minor injuries, though no one else was hurt. He also passed a sobriety test.
  • The recent incident Fort Wayne, Indiana was even more serious. A man crashed his SUV into a house, and then immediately committed suicide by shooting himself. The house was fortunately empty, but it had been put up for sale. The house would definitely have to be repaired first before it would sell.
  • In Dallas, Texas, assailants fired multiple shots at a
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